Overview of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

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High blood pressure during pregnancy needs special medical attention. It is a fact that 1 in every 20 pregnant women develop the condition. For some, it is present before conception while for others it develops after pregnancy. The increase of blood pressure is due to the hormonal changes of the body during pregnancy. It is possible to treat the condition by having healthy diet and changing lifestyles.

If your blood pressure increases at the time of pregnancy, it is necessary to bring to the normal after pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Types of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

There are different types of high blood pressure. It depends on the stage of pregnancy-pre or post pregnancy.

Gestational hypertension : This type of blood pressure develops in the second trimester. Such type of high blood pressure usually goes away after child -birth.

Chronic hypertension : Such type of hypertension develops before and after child- birth. Pregnant women have high chances of having chronic hypertension before 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Preeclampsia : This is the severe form of hypertension. When left untreated, chronic hypertension or gestational hypertension can cause preeclampsia. Such type of blood pressure can prove severe health problems to the mother and child.

Symptoms of Hypertension in Pregnancy

Pregnancy comes with a number of symptoms. It's natural to have the symptoms of pregnancy. High blood pressure in pregnancy is one of the pregnancy symptoms. As a health precautionary measure, it is necessary to know the symptom details of hypertension.

Abdominal Pain: Continuous severe abdomen pain in the upper side is a symptom of high blood pressure. Pregnant women should immediately rush for medical attention to stay away from health complications.

Body Swelling: With the increase of blood pressure during pregnancy, pregnant women may experience hands and feet swelling.

Weight Gain: Sudden weight gain in the early pregnancy stage is a symptom of high blood pressure. If the weight gain exceeds 6 lb. in seven days, it shows the serious problem in pregnancy.

Infrequent Urination : Decreased urination is a symptom of induced hypertension. Pregnant women experience less urination because the fluid is stored due to high blood pressure.

Vision Changes : Blurred vision and other visual problems are the severe symptoms of hypertension. Sometimes, it can even cause loss of eye vision. This symptom requires proper medical care.

Headaches : Headache during pregnancy may occur rapidly and disappears gradually without any medication. This also associates with the symptom of severe high blood pressure.

Side Effects of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Not all pregnancy symptoms have side effects. However, hypertension in pregnancy carries certain side effects. High blood pressure decreases the growth of the baby leading to low weight at the time of birth. The decreased blood flow to the placenta limits the supply of oxygen and nutrients essential for child growth and development.

Hypertension causes premature separation of placenta from the uterus prematurely. This results to heavy bleeding and gives chances of having a miscarriage. If blood pressure is not controlled timely, it can lead to premature delivery and other health complications.

Cardiovascular disease is another serious symptom connected with blood pressure. This is a long- term after effect of hypertension during pregnancy.

Hypertension Treatment

Restrict yourself from physical activities and go for a complete bed rest to treat blood pressure during and after pregnancy. Take drugs like Labetalol, Hydralazine, and nifedipine to control blood pressure. Pregnant women can take Diazoxide for immediate control of blood pressure under the advice of physician.

Regular body check-up is important for high blood pressure treatment. Ultrasound also helps to know the possible child- birth complications and baby weight. Consult the symptoms closely with the doctor. This will help to come up with the best and suitable option for treatment of high blood pressure.

Hypertension is a common pregnancy problem .Encountered high blood pressure during pregnancy does not mean that you will develop the symptoms in future pregnancies. Women can develop high blood pressure during pregnancy stages and after child delivery. It is necessary to diagnose for proper medications to treat blood pressure to avoid other health problems. Pregnant women must take necessary health care measures for normal blood pressure after pregnancy. Right medications at the right time are the key to treat pregnancy hypertension.